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What is it called when you can see words in your mind?

Abstract. Tickertape experience is the subjective phenomenon of routinely visualizing the orthographic appearance of words that one hears, speaks, or thinks, like mental subtitles in the mind’s eye.

Is it normal to visualize words?

Visual thinking has been described as seeing words as a series of pictures. It is common in approximately 60–65% of the general population.

What is it called when you see words that you hear?

Synesthesia is when you hear music, but you see shapes. Or you hear a word or a name and instantly see a color. Synesthesia is a fancy name for when you experience one of your senses through another. For example, you might hear the name "Alex" and see green. Or you might read the word "street" and taste citrus fruit.

What is it called when you visualize words?

"Ticker taping" consists of automatically visualising written words in the form of subtitles when hearing other people speak. It can also occur with one's own speech and/or with internal dialogue, i.e. verbal thinking.

What does it mean when you can see words?

An involuntary neurological condition called synesthesia, which is also spelled synaesthesia, describes a version of this experience. Synesthesia is “a sensation produced in one modality when a stimulus is applied to another modality, as when the hearing of a certain sound induces the visualization of a certain color.”

How rare is tickertaping?

While strongly automatic tickertaping appeared rare (n = 6; CI95 = 0.6% to 3.2% of sample), lesser degrees of text visualization were reported by more than half of respondents, indicating a continuity between extreme tickertaping and normal cognition.

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How common is tickertaping?

A previous study estimated that up to 1.4% of the population could experience involuntary subtitles when hearing a human voice, but this figure remains uncertain. It’s challenging to detect TTS subjects, who are generally unaware that they are distinguishable from the average person.

What is hyperphantasia?

Hyperphantasia is the condition of having extremely vivid mental imagery. It is the opposite condition to aphantasia, where mental visual imagery is not present. The experience of hyperphantasia is more common than aphantasia and has been described as being “as vivid as real seeing”.

Is it possible to hear colors?

People who have synesthesia are called synesthetes. The word “synesthesia” comes from the Greek words: “synth” (which means “together”) and “ethesia” (which means “perception). Synesthetes can often “see” music as colors when they hear it, and “taste” textures like “round” or “pointy” when they eat foods.

How rare is synesthesia?

While rare in adulthood, scientists think that about 4.4 % of the population has some type of fully fledged synaesthesia, with one of the most common types being grapheme-colour synaesthesia. Such synaesthetes have a one-to-one association linking letters and numbers with a certain colour.

What is the rarest synesthesia?

Lexical–gustatory synesthesia

It is estimated that 0.2% of the synesthesia population has this form of synesthesia, making it one of the rarest forms.

What causes tickertaping?

Subtitled speech: Phenomenology of tickertape synesthesia

We propose that TTS results from an atypical setup of the brain reading system, with an increased top-down influence of phonology on orthography. As a first descriptive step towards a deeper understanding of TTS, we identified 26 persons with TTS.

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What causes ticker tape?

First identified in the 1880s, ticker tape synesthesia is the automatic and involuntary visualization of words that appear like subtitles when listening, speaking, or thinking. A new study speculates that tickertaping derives from atypical brain functioning, akin to dyslexia.

Is ticker tape synesthesia rare?

The same study also discovered that the prevalence of “strong” ticker tapers (the ones with highly automatic and “obligatory” word visualisation in response to heard words, their own speech and verbal thinking) could be 1.4%.

Do people with hyperphantasia have higher IQ?

Pairwise comparisons indicated that the aphantasia group had a significantly elevated IQ compared with the hyperphantasia group (P = 0.002), but there were no other statistically significant differences.

Is it rare to have hyperphantasia?

Zeman and his colleagues estimate that 2.6 percent of people have hyperphantasia and that 0.7 percent have aphantasia.

What do people with hyperphantasia see?

However, someone with hyperphantasia can not only describe the details of something they recently saw, but they can also visualize even more. For example, they can easily imagine characters or scenery in a book they’re reading because they’re able to visualize text, too.

How rare is it to hear colors?

Synesthesia is a condition present in 2%–4% of the population [1] in which a sensory stimulus presented to one modality elicits concurrent sensations in additional modalities [2].

What color is math blue or red?

And math is considered a difficult subject for most people, so it tends to be labeled as “red.” However, the other popular opinion of math being blue is probably for those students who enjoy math or are good at it, as blue is considered a calm and soothing color.

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Can blind people hear color?

In both cases, the tones selected varied consistently with the colour. The blind responses were similar to those of the trichromats, except in the case of red and green; the blind did not differentiate these colours, whereas the trichromats associated red with a higher tone and green with a lower tone.

Is synesthesia a form of autism?

Although not specific to autism, synaesthesia seems to be quite common among autistic individuals. Quite common in autistic pople is the form of synaesthesia that produces tactile sensations without the individual being physically touched, for example, looking at something can bring a tactile experience.

Do people with synesthesia have a higher IQ?

The synesthetes showed increased intelligence as compared with matched non-synesthetes. This was a general effect rather than bound to a specific cognitive domain or to a specific (synesthesia-type to stimulus-material) relationship.

Is synesthesia brain damage?

Synesthesia is uncommon, occurring in about 1 in 2,000 people. Most people who have the condition are born with it, but there have been reports of people who acquired synesthesia after a brain injury. Similarly, there have been cases of people becoming more creative after experiencing brain damage.

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